Format results


General Features of the Thermalization of Particle Detectors and the Unruh Effect.
Tales Rick Perche Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Improving 3D Codes under Biased Noise
Eric Huang University of Maryland, College Park

Geometry of Process Matrices
Fionnuala Ni Chuireain Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO)

Looking for QuantumClassical Gaps in Causal Structures
Marina Maciel Ansanelli Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Talk

Looking for QuantumClassical Gaps in Causal Structures
Marina Maciel Ansanelli Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Geometry of Process Matrices
Fionnuala Ni Chuireain Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO)

Improving 3D Codes under Biased Noise
Eric Huang University of Maryland, College Park

General Features of the Thermalization of Particle Detectors and the Unruh Effect.
Tales Rick Perche Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics


Illuminating the pairinstability supernova mass gap with superkilonovae
Aman Agarwal University of Greifswald

Reflecting scalar fields in numerical relativity
Conner Dailey Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics



Secrets of the Universe
Manuel Calderón de la Barca Sánchez University of California, Davis


Quantum manybody physics beyond the low complexity regime
Philippe Faist California Institute of Technology

The Noether Theorems: Then and Now
Karen Uhlenbeck The University of Texas at Austin

Astrophysical Lessons from LIGOVirgo's Black Holes
Maya Fishbach Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA)

The Black Hole Information Paradox in the Age of Holographic Entanglement Entropy
Netta Engelhardt Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)


General Features of the Thermalization of Particle Detectors and the Unruh Effect.
Tales Rick Perche Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
In this talk we will discuss the notion of thermality for quantum field theories in curved spacetimes, and how it relates to the Unruh effect and Hawking radiation. Then we will argue that particle detectors are physical systems which can act as thermometers, thermalizing to the temperature of the field. We will show that any nonrelativistic quantum system undergoing appropriate trajectories can probe the field’s temperature, regardless of how they are coupled to the field. 
Improving 3D Codes under Biased Noise
Eric Huang University of Maryland, College Park
Quantum error correction is necessary for scalable quantum computation. Topological quantum error correcting codes have exceptional properties that make them ideal for future experiments. Massive gains can be achieved if the code is optimized for the noise, which we demonstrate for some 3D codes under biased noise. 
Geometry of Process Matrices
Fionnuala Ni Chuireain Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO)
Process matrices are objects that comprehensively describe multipartite quantum processes and their correlations. These matrices simultaneously play the roles of quantum states and quantum channels, and, to ensure a welldefined probability distribution, they are constrained to be positive. A key advantage of the process matrix formalism is that it can be used to describe processes with an indefinite causal order, which obey local quantum mechanics but cannot take place within a global causal structure. In this talk, i will give a complete introduction to the process matrix formalism and share preliminary results about the geometric positivity constraints of a special class of parameterised process matrices. 
Looking for QuantumClassical Gaps in Causal Structures
Marina Maciel Ansanelli Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
A fundamental area in statistical analysis is the study of which causal structures connecting the events of interest can explain the correlations that are observed between them. This is done through the falsification of invalid causal models. Our causal structure might posit the existence of hidden (unobserved) causes between the observed events. For example, if we see a positive correlation between the numbers of shark attacks and ice cream sales, we do not expect to explain it by a direct causal influence between these two things; instead, there should be a hidden common cause (for example, the Summer) that explains the correlation. Physicists also have a vested interest in falsifying causal hypotheses involving hidden variables. Bell's Theorem, for example, highlights the failure of many such classical causal hypotheses to explain the correlations predicted by quantum theory. In the scenario which Bell considered, if instead of treating the unobserved causes of classical random variables we treat them as potentially entangled quantum systems, we can explain a strictly larger set of correlations. Out project explores a simple but difficult question: In what other causal structures this also happens? In other words, for a given causal hypothesis, would the set of correlations it can explain expand if we relax our assumptions regarding posited unobservable systems to allow for shared entanglement? By a series of tricks developed during the PSI Winter School, we found that allowing for quantum causes makes an operational difference in a large number of causal hypotheses involving four observed variables. This work is of general interest as it generalizes Bell's Theorem: it exposes (qualitatively novel?!) advantages afforded by quantum theory over classical models. Bell's Theorem has proven crucially insightful in efforts to provide a causal accounting of quantum theory, and has inspired a plethora of quantum information theoretic protocols; similar dividends may be implicitly suggested by this work. 

Secrets of the Universe
Manuel Calderón de la Barca Sánchez University of California, Davis
In the 3D giantscreen documentary Secrets of the Universe, physicist Manuel Calderón de la Barca Sánchez travels the globe to epicentres of cuttingedge science – from CERN in Switzerland to Perimeter Institute.
On Wednesday, November 3, he returns to Perimeter (virtually, at least) for a special webcast in which he’ll share and discuss clips from Secrets of the Universe, which is now screening at science centres and planetariums around the world.
The giantformat film, which was coproduced by Perimeter, is an immersive journey into some of the grandest scientific ideas and experiments of our time, and brings to life complex scientific ideas in vivid detail. It follows Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, a physics professor at the University of California, Davis, as he puts his own theories about quarkgluon plasma to the test with particle collisions at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
During the webcast, Calderón de la Barca Sánchez will show exclusive film excerpts and chat with Perimeter Institute’s Greg Dick about his own research, and the importance communicating the power of fundamental science. 
Morphogenesis: Geometry, Physics, and Biology
In his May 5 Perimeter Public Lecture webcast, Harvard professor L. Mahadevan will take viewers on a journey into the mathematical, physical, and biological workings of morphogenesis to demonstrate how scientists are beginning to unlock many of the secrets that have vexed scientists since Darwin.

Quantum manybody physics beyond the low complexity regime
Philippe Faist California Institute of Technology
Quantifying quantum states' complexity is a key problem in various subfields of science, from quantum computing to blackhole physics. I'll explain two approaches to understanding the behavior and the operational significance of quantum complexity in manybody systems. First, I'll consider a simple model on n qubits: We create a random quantum circuit by randomly sampling the gates that compose it. In this model, quantum complexity can be shown to grow linearly in the number of gates until saturating at a value that is exponential in n. This result proves a version of a conjecture by Brown and Susskind in the context of quantum gravity, thereby reinforcing our understanding of the evolution of wormholes in holography. Second, I'll discuss how quantum complexity manifests itself in the operational processes that we can carry out on an nqubit system. For instance, what resources are necessary to reset an nqubit memory register to the pure allzero computational basis state? This approach reveals a connection between thermodynamics and complexity, as we exhibit a tradeoff between the thermodynamic work cost that is necessary for the reset procedure and the complexity cost of the procedure. The general tradeoff is quantified by a new measure of entropy which directly connects complexity with entropy. I'll discuss the implications of our results and new prospects for manybody physics in the regime where quantum states are of ever increasing complexity.
Joint work with: Jonas Haferkamp, Teja Naga Bhavia Kothakonda, Anthony Munson, Jens Eisert, Nicole Yunger Halpern 
The Noether Theorems: Then and Now
Karen Uhlenbeck The University of Texas at Austin
The 1918 Noether theorems were a product of the general search for energy and momentum conservation in Einstein’s newly formulated theory of general relativity. Although widely referred to as the connection between symmetry and conservation laws, the theorems themselves are often not understood properly and hence have not been as widely used as they might be. In the first part of the talk, I outline a brief history of the theorems, explain a bit of the language, translate the first theorem into coordinate invariant language and give a few examples. I will mention briefly their historical importance in physics and integrable systems. In the second part of the talk, I describe why they are still relevant: why George Daskalopoulos and I came to be interested in them for our investigation into the best Lipschitz maps of surfaces of Bill Thurston and the open problems in higher dimensions. I will finish by mentioning two recent papers, one in math and the other in physics, which greatly simplify the derivations of important identities by using the theorems.
Zoom Link: https://pitp.zoom.us/j/96748003059?pwd=aElYTlNXVlY4dEhtcmd0YUcvOHZIdz09

Astrophysical Lessons from LIGOVirgo's Black Holes
Maya Fishbach Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA)
LIGO and Virgo have observed over 80 gravitationalwave sources to date, including mergers between black holes, neutron stars, and mixed neutron star black holes. The origin of these merging neutron stars and black holes  the most extreme objects in our Universe  remains a mystery, with implications for stars, galaxies and cosmology. I will review the latest LIGOVirgo discoveries and discuss some recent astrophysical lessons, including mass gaps, black hole evolution with cosmic time, and implications for cosmology. While the latest gravitationalwave observations have answered a number of longstanding questions, they have also unlocked new puzzles. I will conclude by discussing what we can expect to learn from future gravitationalwave and multimessenger discoveries.
Zoom Link: https://pitp.zoom.us/j/94857758725?pwd=MW1PNXZRNkFGL25xUkpjVWlabmNJZz09

The Black Hole Information Paradox in the Age of Holographic Entanglement Entropy
Netta Engelhardt Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
The black hole information paradox — whether information escapes an evaporating black hole or not — remains one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of theoretical physics. The apparent conflict between validity of semiclassical gravity at low energies and unitarity of quantum mechanics has long been expected to find its resolution in the deep quantum gravity regime. Recent developments in the holographic dictionary and in particular its application to entanglement, however, have shown that a semiclassical analysis of gravitational physics has a hallmark feature of unitary evolution. I will describe this recent progress and discuss some potential new avenues for working towards a resolution of the information paradox.