Quantum Information (2022/2023)

13 talks
Collection Number C23009
Collection Type Course
Source Repository PIRSA

We will review the notion of information in the most possible general sense. Then we will revisit our definitions of entropy in quantum physics from an informational point of view and how it relates to information theory and thermodynamics. We will discuss entanglement in quantum mechanics from the point of view of information theory, and how to quantify it and distinguish it from classical correlations. We will derive Bell inequalities and discuss their importance, and how quantum information protocols can use entanglement as a resource. We will introduce other notions of quantum correlations besides entanglement and what distinguishes them from classical correlations. We will also analyze measurement theory in quantum mechanics, the notion of generalized measurements and their importance in the processing and transmission of information. We will introduce the notions of quantum circuits and see some of the most famous algorithms in quantum information processing, as well as in quantum cryptography. We will end with a little introduction to the notions of relativistic quantum information and a discussion about quantum ethics.

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