How much entanglement is needed for quantum error correction?

APA

Li, Z. (2024). How much entanglement is needed for quantum error correction?. Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. https://pirsa.org/24050034

MLA

Li, Zhi. How much entanglement is needed for quantum error correction?. Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, May. 28, 2024, https://pirsa.org/24050034

BibTex

          @misc{ scivideos_PIRSA:24050034,
            doi = {10.48660/24050034},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/24050034},
            author = {Li, Zhi},
            keywords = {Quantum Information},
            language = {en},
            title = {How much entanglement is needed for quantum error correction?},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics},
            year = {2024},
            month = {may},
            note = {PIRSA:24050034 see, \url{https://scivideos.org/pirsa/24050034}}
          }
          

Zhi Li Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics

Source RepositoryPIRSA
Talk Type Conference
Subject

Abstract

It is commonly believed that logical states of quantum error-correcting codes have to be highly entangled such that codes capable of correcting more errors require more entanglement to encode a qubit. Here we show that this belief may or may not be true depending on a particular code. To this end, we characterize a tradeoff between the code distance d quantifying the number of correctable errors, and geometric entanglement of logical states quantifying their maximal overlap with product states or more general ``topologically trivial" states. The maximum overlap is shown to be exponentially small in d for three families of codes: (1) low-density parity check (LDPC) codes with commuting check operators, (2) stabilizer codes, and (3) codes with a constant encoding rate. Equivalently, the geometric entanglement of any logical state of these codes grows at least linearly with d. On the opposite side, we also show that this distance-entanglement tradeoff does not hold in general. For any constant d and k (number of logical qubits), we show there exists a family of codes such that the geometric entanglement of some logical states approaches zero in the limit of large code length.