Holographic Phase Transitions in the early Universe

APA

Mishra, R. (2024). Holographic Phase Transitions in the early Universe. Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. https://pirsa.org/24040117

MLA

Mishra, Rashmish. Holographic Phase Transitions in the early Universe. Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Apr. 26, 2024, https://pirsa.org/24040117

BibTex

          @misc{ scivideos_PIRSA:24040117,
            doi = {10.48660/24040117},
            url = {https://pirsa.org/24040117},
            author = {Mishra, Rashmish},
            keywords = {Particle Physics},
            language = {en},
            title = {Holographic Phase Transitions in the early Universe},
            publisher = {Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics},
            year = {2024},
            month = {apr},
            note = {PIRSA:24040117 see, \url{https://scivideos.org/pirsa/24040117}}
          }
          

Rashmish Mishra Harvard University

Source RepositoryPIRSA
Collection

Abstract

Strongly coupled confining theories are well-motivated in many BSM frameworks. The early universe cosmological history of these theories provides possibilities for observable signals. These theories undergo confinement deconfinement phase transition in the early universe, which can result in gravitational wave signals, observable in upcoming experiments. Using AdS/CFT, these theories have been studied in the Randall-Sundrum framework, and various quantitative aspects of the phase transition have been calculated. In the models that have been considered, the rate of transition from the deconfined phase to the confined phase is very small and leads to a period of supercooling. This enhances the gravitational wave signal, but presents a tension between a low confinement scale and fitting to the standard picture of BBN. In this talk, I will briefly review the calculations leading to these conclusions, and argue that some of the issues are specific to the simplified models that have been studied. I will present two modifications that are expected on general grounds, motivated by including strong IR effects systematically. Such effects change the results significantly. In particular, new qualitative features appear which have been missed in previous investigations. I will briefly comment on the phenomenological implications and open questions. The talk will be based on 2309.10090 and 2401.09633.

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